Editorial Policies

Focus and Scope

Ethnobotany Research & Applications is an electronic, peer-reviewed, multi-disciplinary and multi-lingual journal devoted to the rapid dissemination of current research. Manuscript submission, peer review, and publication are all handled on the Internet. The journal is published by the Department of Ethnobotany, Institute of Botany, Ilia State University, Tbilisi, Georgia. The journal seeks manuscripts that are novel, integrative and written in ways that are accessible to a wide audience. This includes an array of disciplines (biological and social sciences) concerned particularly with theoretical questions that lead to practical applications. Articles can also be based on the perspectives of cultural practitioners, poets and others with insights into plants, people and applied research. Database papers, Ethnobiological inventories, Photo essays, Methodology reviews, Education studies and Theoretical discussions are also published.

Primarily agronomic or horticultural papers and those concerned mainly with analytical data on the chemical constituents of plants, or bioassays should be submitted elsewhere.

The journal publishes original research that is described in indigenous languages. We also encourage papers that make use of the unique opportunities of an E-journal: color illustrations, animated model output, down-loadable models and data sets.

For papers in languages other than English an Extended Abstract in English, including sections covering the complete paper (Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusions) needs to be included. Table and figure captions of non-English language papers need to be given both in the original language and in English.


Editorial Board Policies

There is an attempt to keep Editorial Board Policies to a minimum. The journal Editorial Board has prepared the following policies with the intention of honoring the Mission and Guiding Philosophies of the journal.


Comments on these policies are appreciated and reviewed annually by the Editorial Board.

  • The purpose of the journal is to publish original work in the area of ethnobiology. This may be research, cultural expressions, curriculum development or studies, applied experiences, and commentaries on ethnobiology including editorials. 
  • The journal will not publish:
    • simple reviews of literature that lack theoretical or metadata analysis.
    • previously published articles.
    • materials lacking a "cultural" element (e.g., work that is actually phytochemistry, pharmacology, pharmacognosy, horticulture, biogeography) that is often represented by original content from members of some particular culture.
    • manuscripts focusing on bio-assays
  • All published content will be reviewed by appropriate peers selected by the editors. However, authors are encouraged to provide recommendations for reviewers in order to assist the editors.
  • The journal will publish in any media.
  • The journal will publish current scientific nomenclature and not propagate old terminology. This means that in some cases scientific names submitted by authors will be updated to currently accepted names even though these are not the names being used in their particular regional floras. This is true for binomials, families, etc.
    • The Angiosperm Phylogeny Working Group will serve as the basis for plant family decisions(see Angiosperm Phylogeny Group. [A.P.G.] 2009. An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161:105-121. DOI: 10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x.)
    • Constantly updated on-line internationally accessible databases will serve as the primary source of reference to primary literature, e.g., Tropicos: www.tropicos.org; The Plant List: www.theplantlist.org.


In order to be considered for publication as original research a manuscript must meet the following requirements:

  • Work must have a purpose (driving hypothesis, objective, community goal, etc.)
  • Methods used must be clearly cited and reproducible.
  • All plants that are cited as part of original research must be represented by voucher specimens that were collected as part of the research itself and are deposited in an internationally recognized herbarium. If plant information was collected from informants then it is reasonable to expect that the voucher specimens were specifically identified by the informants.
  • Graphic content may not be used from any other source without explicit permission (e.g., maps, photos, and other figures) from the copyright holder (author/publisher).
  • The work must comply with the stipulations of the Protocol of Nagoya on access and Benefit Sharing.

The editorial board meets periodically when one or more issues need to be discussed. Meetings are either electronic or in person at a scientific meeting that the board members are attending.



Section Policies


Unchecked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed


Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Unchecked Peer Reviewed


Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Databases and Inventories

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Repatriation of ethnobotanical studies

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Notes on Ethnobotany

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Research Methods and Methodology Reviews

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed


Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed


Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Travel Log

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Photo Essays

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Ethnobotanical Guides

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Book Reviews

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Unchecked Peer Reviewed

Peer Review Process

Submitted manuscripts are first reviewed by the editors to determine if if content is consistent with journal specifications and expectations.

Manuscripts that are deemed to be in-line with the standards of the journal (see McClatchey 2006. Improving Quality of International Ethnobotany Research and Publications. Ethnobotany Research and Applications 4:1-10.) and consistent with the Editorial Board Policies (see above) are forwarded to three (cultural and/or scientific) peers for review. 

Manuscripts should not be submitted unless they are formatted by the standards for this journal within the Editorial Board Policies (above; see also Author Guidelines).

Reviews are used to determine if manuscripts are accepted or not, and if accepted, any changes that are recommended before publication.


Publication Frequency

Rather than publish sets of articles collectively on a calendar-basis as is done with many print-journals, ERA articles are published on an on-going basis as they are accepted and prepared for publication. New volumes are released at the start of each calendar year. Total number of articles within an individual volume depends upon rate of article submission and the speed with which articles are reviewed and processed.


Open Access Policy

This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.



This journal utilizes the LOCKSS system to create a distributed archiving system among participating libraries and permits those libraries to create permanent archives of the journal for purposes of preservation and restoration. More...


How to Cite ERA Articles

All literature cited should be complete without abbreviations except for authors' first names. Please use the following bibliographic format when citing the journal:

Pickersgill, B. 2004. Crops and cultures in the Pacific. Ethnobotany Research and Applications 2:1-8. http://journals.sfu.ca/era/index.php/era/article/view/32
or (for articles with DOIs)
Burton, C.M. & P.J. Burton. 2015. Recovery of Oplopanax horridus (Sm.) Mig., an important ethnobotanical resource, after clearcut logging in northwestern British Columbia. Ethnobotany Research and Applications 14:1-15. http://dx.doi.org/10.17348/era.14.0.001-015
If an abbreviated journal name is required, the official journal abbreviation is Ethnobot. Res. App.


Recent Reviewers

(Note: Reviewers who have requested anonymity are not listed.)
Ulysses de Albuquerque - Eugene Anderson - Wendy Applequist - Daniel Austin - Michael Balick - William Balee - Brad Bennett - Nat Bletter - Jeffrey Boutain - K.W. Bridges - Adam Brown - Rainer Bussmann - Bob Bye - Lela Cabugos - Lisa Castle - Pauline Chinn - George Crosby - Hugo deBoer - Memory Elvin-Lewis - Nina Etkin - Maria Fadiman - Tim Gallaher - Orou Gaoue - J.Y. Gaugris - Lisa Gollin - Bruce Hoffman - Sterling Keeley - Lauren Kerr - Sarah Khan - Sulaiman Khanjari - John Kiringe - Vandana Krishnamurthy - Miriam Kritzer Van Zant - Munesh Kumar - Han Lau - Walter Lewis - Edelmira Linares - Piet Lincoln - Lindan Lyon - Gail Mahady - William Mala - Steve Maranz - Will McClatchey - Heather McMillen - Mark Merlin - Daniel Moerman - Sharif Mukul - Mark Nesbitt - MyLien Thi Nguyen - Gibji Nimachow - Camellia Okpodu - Aswini Pai - Todd Pesek - Chuck Peters - Chayan Picheansoonthon - Campbell Plowden - Cassandra Quave - Shimona Quazi - Carlos Ramirez-Sosa - Tom Ranker - Dave Reedy - Victoria Reyes-Garcia - Valentina Savo - Neeva Shrestha - Doel Soejarto - Tamia Souto - John Rick Stepp - Kris Stewart - Namulau`ulu Tavana - Tamara Ticktin - Dolores Tongco - Ina Vandebroek - Arika Virapongse - Bob Voeks - Christian Vogl - Kawika Winter - Stanford Zent - Eglee Zent


Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement

Ethnobotany Research and Applications conforms to the ‘Core Practices’ stipulated by COPE available at:

https://publicationethics.org/files/editable-bean/COPE_Core_Practices_0.pdf .

Allegations of Misconduct, Disputes regarding authorship and contributorship, Complaints and Appeals, Cases of Competing Interests, Concerns on data and reproducibility, Ethical oversight, Disputes regarding ownership of intellectual property rights, Journal Management, Peer Review Processes, and Post Publication Discussions and Corrections will be dealt in accordance with the ‘Core practices’.

Author Responsibilities

  1. Authors must certify that their manuscripts are their original work, that they do not plagiarize (as the COPE discussion defines plagiarism), and that they truthfully present data.
  2. Authors must certify that the manuscript has not previously been published elsewhere.
  3. Authors must certify that the maunscript is not currently being considered for publication elsewhere.
  4. Authors must certify that all relevant ethical safeguards have been met and all relevant permissions were obtained.
  5. Authors must report of any conflicts of interest.
  6. Authors must report all sources of funding.
  7. Authors must identify all sources used in the creation of their manuscript.
  8. Authors must report any errors they discover in their manuscript.

Reviewer Responsibilities

  1. Reviewers must notify the Ethnobotany Research and Applications of any conflicts of interest.
  2. Reviewers must keep information pertaining to the manuscript confidential.
  3. Reviewers must bring to the attention of the Editors any information that may be reason to reject publication of a manuscript.
  4. Reviewers must evaluate manuscripts only for their intellectual content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors.

Editorial Board Responsibilities

  1. The Editors and/or Editorial Board must keep information pertaining to submitted manuscripts confidential.
  2. The Editors and/or Editorial Board must disclose any conflicts of interest.
  3. The Editors and/or Editorial Board must evaluate manuscripts only for their intellectual content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors.
  4. The Editors and/or Editorial Board are responsible for making publication decisions for submitted manuscripts.
  5. The Editors and Editorial Board will review suspected incidents of plagiarism following the COPE Code of Conduct and, should the board conclude that plagiarism has occurred, the editors will follow the COPE workflow to respond to the violation.