Medicinal flora cultivated in backyards of a community in Northeast Brazil

Juliana Cardozo Farias, Geyssell Denisse Rodríguez Miranda, Maria Hortencia Borges dos Santos, Brunna Laryelle Silva Bomfim, Irineu Campêlo da Fonseca Filho, Solange Maria de França, Roseli Farias Melo de Barros, Paulo Roberto Ramalho Silva

Abstract


Background: Medicinal plants represent the oldest form used by humanity in the prevention and/or cure of their illnesses. They have low cost, are culturally widespread and can be cultivated in backyards.

Methods: The objective was to know which medicinal plants are used and grown in homegardens, as well as its indication and the parts used by the residents of the Lagoa da Prata Community, in the municipality of Parnaiba, Piaui. 174 people were interviewed, a total of 91 homegardens. Data were collected for direct data collection, structured interview, guided tours, photographic records, interview recordings, field journal annotations, Value of Use (VU) and Relative Importance (RI).

Results: The survey recorded 30 plants, distributed in 19 families The species with higher VU were Gossypium hirsutum L. (1.28), Dysphania ambrosioides (L.) Mosyakin & Clemants (1.12) e Ocimum gratissimum L. (1.12).

Conclusions: This way, it was observed that the interviewees cultivated a variety of plant species used to treat a large number of diseases.

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