Plants in the Songbooks of Castilla y León, Spain


  • M. Cardaño Departamento de Ciencias Agroforestales, Universidad de Valladolid, Avenida de Madrid 57, 34004 Palencia, SPAIN
  • Baudilio Herrero Universidad de Valladolid


ethnomusicology, plants, music, folk, plant organs, plant uses



Man’s relationship with plants is reflected in cultural manifestations such as music. This work aims to present the most important plants in the traditional songs of Castilla y León, Spain. Thirty-three publications were reviewed, from which 7012 songs collected from the oral tradition were transcribed and information about the botanical quotations in these songs was extracted. Plant species were listed in 1316 songs, and 2756 botanical quotes were collected, alluding to 150 species. The most frequently mentioned plants were rose (12.7%), grape (7.1%), carnation (6.3%), and wheat (5.1%). In 32.7% of the citations, the use of the plants could be deduced, and in 64.6% of the citations, the plant organ alluded to was determined. The most frequently mentioned plants symbolize values of beauty or they are plants of significant economic value in the region of study. Food and decoration are the uses most frequently mentioned, the fruit or flower being alluded to most in the songs.

Author Biography

Baudilio Herrero, Universidad de Valladolid

Department Ciencias Agroforestales. Teacher of Agriculture Botany




How to Cite

Cardaño, M., & Herrero, B. (2014). Plants in the Songbooks of Castilla y León, Spain. Ethnobotany Research and Applications, 12, 535–549. Retrieved from