Traditional utilization and management of wild Allium plants in Inner Mongolia
Background: In Inner Mongolia, Allium plants are rich in variety and widely distributed. They are often concentrated and distributed in a contiguous manner, so they are of great significance to the ecological environment protection of grasslands and forests. In addition, Inner Mongolia Allium species have a high utilization value. The Mongolian people have accumulated rich traditional knowledge of the utilization of Allium resources during the history of their nomadic lifestyle, including uses for food, forage, medicine and culture. At present, due to the unreasonable use of Allium resources by humans, it has caused serious damage to its resources and vegetation. Therefore, in order to change the utilization status of Allium resources and reasonably protect their resources, find out the local ethnic group's traditional utilization methods and management of Allium plants and understand the interaction mechanism between grassland and grassland plants play an important role in the sustainable use and protection of plant resources.
Methods: This research mainly uses literature research, key person interviews, semi-structured interviews, field surveys, data collation and catalog analysis.
Results: In this paper, 38 species of Allium plants distributed in Inner Mongolia were sorted out, and the Chinese names, scientific names, Mongolian names and utilization parts of each species were catalogued and sorted. The Mongolian people in Inner Mongolia are rich in knowledge about the edible, medicinal, forage, and cultural utilization of Allium plants.
Conclusion: Mongolian people in Inner Mongolia have a variety of traditional uses of wild Allium plants, which has reference value for the research and research of Allium plants. However, at present, the resources of Allium plants in Inner Mongolia are gradually decreasing, and related traditional knowledge is being lost. The article puts forward three related suggestions: (1) Pay attention to the resource protection of wild Allium plants. (2) The traditional knowledge related to the use and ecology of Allium plants needs to be documented, preserved, and promoted. (3) To strengthen the Mongolian people's awareness of the importance and protection of their own culture.
Keywords: Inner Mongolia, Allium, Traditional use of knowledge
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