Ethnomedicinal plants used for the treatment of cuts and wounds by the Agusan Manobo of Sibagat, Agusan del Sur, Philippines
Keywords:Agusan Manobo, Cuts, Ethnomedicinal, Sibagat, Wound
This study was conducted to investigate the ethnomedicinal plants used by the Agusan Manobo as potential drug leads for the treatment of cuts and wounds. Despite the prominence of the locality on medicinal plant use, the area was previously ignored due to distance and security threat from the Communist Party of the Philippines - New People’s Army. Oral medicinal plant knowledge was documented.
Methods: Ethnomedicinal survey was conducted from October 2018 to February 2019 among 50 key informants through a semi-structured questionnaire; open interviews and focus group discussions were conducted to gather information on medicinal plants used as a treatment for cuts and wounds. Nonparametric inferential statistics Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney U tests were set at 0.05 level of significance to determine if there was a significant difference of ethnomedicinal knowledge among respondents when grouped according to location, social position, occupation, educational level, civil status, gender and age. Quantitative ethnomedicinal data was obtained from Family Importance Value and Relative Frequency of Citation.
Results: Present documentation enumerates 48 species of medicinal plants belonging to 45 genera and 26 families used by the community and their only tribal healer for the treatment of cuts and wounds. Asteraceae (7 species) was the best-represented family and Piper species were cited to be the most frequently used medicinal plant species. Statistically, the medicinal plant knowledge among respondents was significantly different (p < 0.05) when grouped according to occupation, educational level, civil status, gender, and age but not when grouped according to location (p = 0.234) and social position (p = 0.580).
Conclusion: The current study documents the medicinal plant knowledge of Agusan Manobo in the treatment of cuts and wounds. The traditional medicinal systems of Indigenous Cultural Communities/Indigenous Peoples (ICCs/IPs) are sources of knowledge for bioprospecting. More ethnobotanical studies should be encouraged before the traditional knowledge of indigenous people vanishes.
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