Environmental ethics towards the sustainable development in Islamic perspective: A Brief Review
Background: In Islam, nature feeds the incorporeal and physical needs of humankind. From the Quranic point of view, humans are created to serve the creator which actually intends to serve the highest quality for themselves, the community, and the world. This point of view is part of the establishment of Islamic environmental ethics. The posture of appreciation or having the predisposition to be thankful (shukur) is also a reason for an environmentally virtuous position. Based on these Islamic perspectives, a Muslim is capable of fighting extremes with worldly temptations which often transform into environmentally wasteful and exploitative manners. Thus, there are very clear arguments for Islam banning wastefulness and profligate so compelling. In concise, environmental deterioration should be seen as an outcome of forgetting theology that is why it is mandatory to protect all the natural resources from misuse or overuse so as to keep the dynamic balance in equilibrium known as sustainable development. Hence, an Islamic theocentricity can support some significant factors in environmental preservation.
Methods: In the present study we synthesized data from some chapters of Al’Quran and Hadiths (sayings of the Prophet PBUH) on sustainability and the wise utilisation of natural resources. Further, literature from google scholar and other data bases were also retrieved. Graphical representation shows the relationships between humans and nature were provided using Microsoft power point.
Objectives: Our aim is to provide a concise and a concrete overview of the basics and general approaches of environmental ethics towards the sustainable development from an Islamic point of view.
Results: Environmental degradation should be viewed as a result of theology’s neglect. To maintain the dynamic balance known as sustainable development, it is necessary to protect all natural resources from exploitation or overuse. This makes it clear that any action which hinders or impairs the biological or social functions of this valuable element, whether by demolishing or by contaminating it with any material is prohibited in Islam and whatever is necessary to fulfill the required liability prescribing life is itself obligatory according to Islamic law. This clearly demonstrates Islam’s deep concern for this basic necessity of life.
Conclusions: Accessible documentation signifies those technical answers have not been resulting in agreeable conclusions, so environmental ethics is getting more concentration to find a proper solution for expansive environmental deterioration. Thus, it concludes that when environmental ethics is based on Islamic theocentrism and theology, it is feasible to have a more inclusive and holistic approach towards the conservation of the natural surroundings.
Keywords: Conservation, Environmental ethics, Islam, Sustainable development, Theology
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