Socio-economic appraisal about the importance and impacts of Anardana (Punica granatum L.) in District Dir Lower Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
Background: Present survey was conducted to explore the status, socio-economic importance and impact of Anardana (Punica granatum L.) by the inhabitants of Dir lower Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
Method: Different techniques like semi-structured, open-ended questionnaires and interviews, a field survey, and group discussions were undertaken in Dir lower better to understand socio-economic relevance and influence on local peoples. Indicators such as the relative frequency citation (RFC), usage value (UV percent) and fidelity level (FL) were used to statistically assess the data, which was gathered from 200 participants.
Results: Quantitative indices revealed that the plant is mostly used to remedy urinary problems, stomach disease and dry cough. Furthermore, the RFC results show that the plant is frequently used for fuel (1.00), fruit (0.97), medicine (0.93), spices (0.89) and fencing (0.88) purposes. Moreover, the results declared that P. granatum is mostly used (UV %) as a remedy for dry cough (90.5%), stomach disorders (81 %), urinary troubles (79.5%), diuretic (72%), renal calculus (66.5%), and for fever tonic (62.5%). Out of 52 ailments, 16 ailments were identified with greater FL than 50 %. However, the highest FL values were recorded for the disease category of dry cough (100 %). The study naked that most of the informants agreed to P. granatum against as a tonic for fever that unveiled the highest fidelity level (100 %) in the study area.
Conclusions: Documentation of such ethnobotanical data will help conserve P. granatum, create awareness among the local community, and preserve the indigenous knowledge associated with medicinal plant species.
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