Notes on the history and uses of thistles and Cynara cardunculus L. in Portugal
This paper presents and discusses some of the historical applications of thistles in the Portuguese heritage, such as in art and in culinary, since Roman times. Nowadays, the use of thistles is almost limited to the manufacture of cheese, where an aqueous extract of Cynara cardunculus L. dried flowers is added to milk for the coagulation process.
Keywords: Thistles, Cardoon, Cheese, Cookery, Cynara cardunculus L.
How to Cite
All articles are copyrighted by the first author and are published online by license from the first author. Articles are intended for free public distribution and discussion without charge. Accuracy of the content is the responsibility of the authors.