Ethnobotany of Dacryodes edulis (G. Don) H.J. Lam in Southern Nigeria 1: Practices and applications among the Yoruba speaking people
Keywords:Dacryodes edulis, Yoruba, Food, Ethno-Pharmaceutical, Socio-cultural. Spiritual
Dacryodes edulis (G. Don) H.J. Lam or eleme is widely used among Yoruba speaking people of Nigeria. The fruit is the major part utilized for food; eaten singly or with a number of other foods. The pulp oil complements common edible oils. Considered rich with medicinal properties; the plant parts is engaged singly or with other plants for treating several illness and diseases including malaria, dermatological, oral and ear conditions, hypertension, leprosy, labor pain, retarded growth and epilepsy in children. Viewed as a symbol of “fruitfulness” and of “peace” the plant parts are employed for both religious and sociocultural activities such as warding off evil spirits, worship of gods, communal festivals, marriage, naming and settlement ceremonies. The wood is used for carpentry, road and shelter construction. The stem exudates act as glue, as well as for production of cosmetics alongside the fruit oil. The tree crown serves for apiculture as well as for shade.
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